The sight of a mother rabbit snuggling her newborn babies in their nest invokes feelings of warmth and nurturing. Yet this tender scene can take a dark turn when some does mysteriously destroy their own helpless offspring. Infant cannibalism shakes our assumptions about loving maternal instincts. What causes a mother to suddenly turn on her tiny babies? Why does she ruthlessly cull the little lives she brought into the world just days before? What can owners do to protect vulnerable kits from their own mother? This shocking behavior raises troubling questions. Join us as we delve into the delicate but deadly subject of rabbits eating their young, and explore solutions to this reproductive riddle.

Why Do Rabbits Eat Their Babies?

Rabbits sometimes eat their babies, a behavior known as infant cannibalism. There are a few key reasons why this may occur:


One of the most common causes of rabbits eating their young is stress. The birthing process itself can be very stressful for the mother rabbit. Rabbits are prey animals, so stress triggers their natural instinct to eliminate any signs of weakness that predators could exploit. Unfortunately, this may lead the doe to eat her babies shortly after birth. Other stressors like a loud environment, changes to their housing, or health issues can also trigger cannibalism.


Rabbits need a balanced diet with plenty of hay, leafy greens, and pellets to stay healthy. A doe that is undernourished may eat her babies to regain protein and nutrients that her body is lacking. Make sure your rabbit has unlimited access to good quality hay and water.

First-time mothers

Rabbit does may eat their first litter, especially if they are younger rabbits. The maternal instinct doesn't always kick in right away for first-time mothers. With a little patience and care, most rabbits get the hang of raising a litter successfully on the second try.


If the nesting area is too hot, cold, dirty, or exposed, that could motivate a doe to destroy the litter. Provide an enclosed nest box with ample bedding to help the babies stay warm and hidden. Clean the box regularly to prevent disease.

Health problems

Any illness, pain or medical condition could cause a doe stress and instinctively destroy the litter. Have your rabbit checked by a vet if she is unwell after giving birth. Certain conditions like mastitis or uterine infections need prompt treatment.

Small or weak kits

A rabbit may cull her litter by eating any babies that seem small, underdeveloped or unlikely to survive. This helps ensure her energy goes into the strongest offspring. Sadly, nothing can be done in this situation. Focus on helping the remaining healthy kits thrive.


Very rarely, a doe might accidentally maul or kill a kit while cleaning or feeding them. This is not intentional cannibalism, just an unfortunate mistake due to the doe's size relative to the babies.

In summary, infant cannibalism usually happens because the doe is stressed, malnourished, inexperienced, or feels the environment is unsafe for the litter. Addressing these issues is key to preventing rabbits eating their babies. A healthy doe in proper conditions will be much less likely to harm the kits.

Should I Remove My Rabbit's Babies?

If you find that your rabbit has eaten her litter shortly after giving birth, you may wonder if you should remove any remaining babies to protect them. There are a few factors to consider when deciding what to do:

– How much time has passed? If it has only been a day or two, give the doe a chance to adjust before intervening. The maternal instinct often kicks in 24-48 hours post-birth.

– Is the doe exhibiting aggressive or stressed behaviors? If she is intentionally harming the kits, then removal may be necessary for their safety.

– Does she have any remaining healthy babies? If yes, leave one or two strong kits for her to focus on raising. Removing the whole litter can cause more stress.

– Has she successfully raised litters before? An experienced mother may be given more time to adjust before removing babies.

– Can I hand raise any removed kits? Be prepared to hand feed and care for babies, which requires supplies and diligence. Without a surrogate doe, hand raising has lower success rates.

– Is there an environmental cause I can address? Correct issues like insufficient nesting space, excess noise, or diet deficiencies to help prevent recurrence.

Generally, give an inexperienced doe up to 48 hours to bond with the litter before considering removal. An attentive, healthy mother may come around with time and patience. But if aggressive behaviors continue, removing vulnerable kits to protect their safety may become necessary. Work on optimizing the environment to help her succeed next time.

Why Does My Rabbit Keep Killing Her Babies?

It can be very troubling for a rabbit owner to have a doe who repeatedly eats or kills her newborn kits. If this keeps happening, there are some steps you can take to get to the bottom of the problem:

Rule out environmental factors

Review the doe's housing setup and look for ways to reduce stress. Provide an enclosed, quiet nest box with ample bedding. Limit loud noises and children/pets interacting with the nest. Try moving her to a less busy area of the home if needed.

Address any malnutrition

Make sure she has unlimited timothy hay available and is eating a balanced diet. Increase healthy foods like oat hay, leafy greens and vegetables if she seems underweight. Proper nutrition supports motherly behaviors.

Review birthing area cleanliness

Clean the nest box thoroughly between litters to prevent infectious disease. Pine or aspen shavings are more sanitary than straw or fabric bedding. Disinfect any surfaces the babies touch.

Consider pain or illness

Have the doe examined by a rabbit-savvy vet to check for mastitis, uterine disease, abscesses, dental problems or other issues causing discomfort. Treating conditions can help stop cannibalism.

Spay aborts problem behaviors

If no medical cause is found, have her spayed. The shifting hormones of recurring false pregnancies can negatively impact maternal behaviors. Spaying ends this cycle.

Watch interactions closely

Supervise the first few days after birth to intervene at the first sign of aggression towards kits. Remove endangered babies but leave 1-2 if possible.

Try introducing a foster doe

A proven mother may "share" nursing duties and model good behavior. This technique works best with very young, 2-3 day old litters.

Hand raise as a last resort

If the doe simply lacks normal maternal instincts, hand raise any surviving kits yourself. This requires commitment but preserves their lives.

Persistently killing and eating litters is unusual behavior, so always rule out health issues first. But some does may sadly never acquire adequate mothering skills, requiring either foster mothers or hand raising to keep their litters safe.

How Can I Prevent My Rabbit from Eating Her Babies?

If your rabbit has eaten her young in the past, there are some key steps you can take to help prevent it from recurring:

– Optimize the nesting area

Provide an enclosed nest box with ample bedding so babies stay hidden and warm. Place it in a quiet, low-traffic area of the home.

– Address any source of stress

Limit noise, pets, and children around the nesting area. Make sure the doe has ample space and exercise time outside her cage daily. Reduce stressors in her environment.

– Ensure proper nutrition

Feed a diet of unlimited timothy hay, leafy greens, vegetables and a limited amount of pellets. Full nutrition supports maternal instincts and milk production.

– Clean the nest thoroughly

Replace soiled bedding and disinfect the nest box between litters to prevent diseases.

– Supervise closely after birth

Check on the litter daily for the first week. Remove any visibly injured or weak babies, but leave 1-2 healthy kits for the mother's sake.

– Separate aggressive does

If the doe is actively harming babies, they may need to be removed to protect them. Have a spare cage or pen setup and ready.

– Try introducing a foster doe

If possible, bringing in another proven mother to share nursing duties can provide a positive role model.

– Address any health issues

Have the doe examined and treated for any conditions like infections, pain, or illness that may be contributing to cannibalism.

– Spay after weaning

For does who lack maternal instincts, spaying may reduce unwanted behaviors. Always separate babies safely before spay surgery.

With preparation and early intervention, most cases of cannibalism can be prevented. But some does may never adjust, requiring either a foster mother or hand feeding to ensure the litter's safety.

Will a Male Rabbit Eat His Babies?

Unlike most mammal species, it is possible for a male rabbit (buck) to eat his offspring in certain situations:

– If the babies are accessible

Usually the father does not have access to newborn kits, as the doe keeps them hidden away in a secure nest. But if housing allows the buck into the nest, he may harm or eat the babies.

– When very hungry

If a male rabbit is underfed or malnourished, hunger could possibly override his natural parental instincts. Ensure bucks have plenty of hay, vegetables, and a balanced diet.

– If the babies appear injured/sick

A buck may cannibalize babies he perceives as weak or unlikely to survive, in line with natural rabbit instincts. Even healthy babies should be kept protected.

– Territorial aggression

An unneutered male is more prone to violence and possessive behaviors. Do not house babies with an intact buck. Get him neutered to reduce territorial aggression.

– Extreme stress

Under severe environmental stress or fright, typical parental instincts may become overridden. Try to reduce anxiety-inducing conditions for the buck.

– Lack of parental recognition

If the litter is fostered to a different doe, the buck may not recognize them as his own to protect. It is ideal for kits to stay with their biological mother.

– Mental health issues

In very rare cases of neurological conditions, a buck may cannibalize young without cause. This signals a serious medical problem requiring veterinary diagnosis.

While less common than with does, male rabbits can still potentially harm babies in the right circumstances. Always separate the buck from the litter for their safety. Monitor his behavior closely if allowed any interaction.

Do Rabbits Eat Their Babies if You Touch Them?

There is a common myth that simply touching a baby rabbit will cause the mother to reject or eat it. However, this is not necessarily true. Here is the reality:

– Mother's scent is key

A doe identifies her babies mainly by scent, not whether they have been handled. She will not automatically reject them if you touch the babies.

– Brief handling is fine

Picking up the kits briefly to inspect them, sex them, or move their nest is ok. Just be sure to return them to the nest right away.

– Don't overhandle

You should still limit any unnecessary handling in the first week or two. This gives the litter time to bond with their mother and avoids too much disruption.

– Wash hands first

Always wash your hands well before handling to avoid transferring contagious diseases. Newborns have fragile immune systems.

– Distress calls may trigger aggression

Excessive handling that causes babies to squeal loudly could potentially attract the doe's attention and protective instincts.

– Give mom a chance to rebond

If you must handle the litter extensively, allow some rebonding time upon return. Monitor to ensure the doe is not aggressive toward returned babies.

So in moderation, handling itself does not make a doe reject the litter. But minimize interference, wash up first, and watch for signs of possible aggression if the babies are distressed. While inconvenient, limited handling of newborns is a good practice.

Why Do My Baby Rabbits Keep Disappearing?

It can be very worrisome to find newborn baby rabbits mysteriously vanishing from their nest. Some common reasons why kits disappear include:

– Predators

Unfortunately predators like cats, dogs, coyotes, snakes or birds of prey may take young rabbits from outdoor nests. Use wire cages or bring the nest indoors to protect vulnerable litters.

– Accidental deaths

The doe may accidentally crush babies while feeding or nesting, especially if the nest is too small. Provide a properly sized enclosed nest box.

– Cannibalism

Does may eat their young due to stress, poor nutrition, or medical issues. Address any underlying problems prompting this behavior.

– Insecure nesting spot

Litter losses often happen when the nest has minimal cover or is built in a poor location out in the open. Offer an enclosed nest box in a quiet area.

– Extreme weather

Young rabbits cannot yet regulate their body temperature. Exposure to severe hot or cold can be fatal. Always provide ample nest bedding.

– Disease or deformities

Sick, weak or deformed babies who fail to thrive may be culled by the mother. Provide optimal sanitary conditions and nutrition to avoid issues.

– Infertile mating

If a breeding results in no actual pregnancy, pseudo-pregnancy behaviors will cause the doe to build a nest in vain, with no babies. Confirm successful matings.

Mysterious disappearing babies are always a tragic situation. Improve security, nutrition and sanitation around nesting areas to help keep litters safely thriving. Monitor closely after births as well.


Infant cannibalism, while unusual, does occur in domestic rabbit mothers under certain circumstances. Stress, malnutrition, inexperience, and environmental factors often contribute to the problem. Address the underlying causes to prevent recurrence. Protect remaining kits by removing the litter temporarily or introducing a foster mother. Persistent cases may require hand raising litters for their safety. With patience and proper care, most does can become successful mothers. Always provide attentive supervision of all newborn rabbits to ensure their health and survival in the critical first few weeks of life.


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