Rabbit poop may not seem like the most exciting topic, but it offers a fascinating window into your bunny’s health and wellbeing. The shape, color, texture, and smell of those small pellets can reveal important clues about what’s going on inside your rabbit’s body. Read on for an in-depth guide to the good, the bad, and the downright strange sides of rabbit poop. From normal poop to true diarrhea, we’ll cover all the basics so you can monitor your rabbit’s health. You’ll be surprised at how much rabbit poop has to teach us about digestive conditions, hydration, parasites, and more! Let’s hop right in and unravel the mysteries of your rabbit’s droppings.

What Does Rabbit Poop Look Like?

Rabbit poop is typically small, round or oval-shaped, and uniform in color and texture. Normal rabbit poop is made up of digested grass and plants, so it should be composed of firm and well-formed pellets. The color can range from brown to dark green depending on the rabbit's diet. A healthy rabbit will produce a large number of round, dry fecal pellets each day. This is because rabbits are herbivores that graze almost constantly, so their digestive system is made to process large amounts of roughage.

Normal Rabbit Poop Color

The normal color of rabbit poop can range from light brown to dark brown or even dark green. The exact color depends on what the rabbit has been eating. If the rabbit eats mostly hay and grass, the poop will be light brown or green. If the diet contains more carrots, fruits or colorful vegetables, the poop may appear darker brown or orange. As long as the poop is a natural brown or green shade, it is considered normal and healthy. Drastic color changes could indicate a digestive issue.

Normal Rabbit Poop Smells

Healthy rabbit poop should have little to no odor. Unlike the feces of carnivores, herbivore poop contains less protein and more indigestible fiber. This makes rabbit poop less smelly. The poop should have a neutral plant-like smell or no real scent at all. Any strong foul odor could signify diarrhea or other intestinal issues.

Normal Rabbit Poop Size

Rabbit poop is normally small, round pellets around 1/4 to 5/8 inch (0.5-1.5 cm) in diameter. Larger rabbit breeds will produce larger poop pellets, while smaller breeds will produce smaller poop. But each individual pellet should be compact, uniform in size and well-formed. Long, stringy poop or clumped together poop is not normal. The poop pellets of healthy rabbits will be separate and consistent in shape.

Abnormal Rabbit Poop

There are several types of abnormal rabbit poop that can indicate an underlying health issue. Diarrhea, soft poop, small poop, and strange formations are all signs of a potential problem. Rabbits with diarrhea may have a parasitic infection, bacteria overgrowth or another condition. Smaller or oddly-shaped poop could mean the rabbit is not eating or drinking enough. Any abnormal poop that lasts more than a day warrants a vet visit.

Rabbit Poop Smaller Than Usual

Smaller rabbit poop pellets can indicate dehydration or malnutrition. If the rabbit is not getting enough fluids, the poop may be dry and crumbly. Lack of food and proper nutrients will also lead to abnormally small poop. Stress, dental issues, or diseases affecting the GI tract or organs can also cause rabbit poop to shrink in size. If the small poop persists, a vet should examine the rabbit.

Rabbit Poop Clumped Together

Rabbits normally produce individual, round fecal pellets. When the poop sticks together in clumps or clusters, it is considered abnormal. Clumped poop may contain excess mucus or be caused by diarrhea. Parasites, bacterial overgrowth, intestinal disease, and other conditions can cause this. Clumping may also happen if the rabbit cannot properly pass stool due to a blockage. Veterinary attention is needed.

Rabbit Poop Lighter Than Normal

If a rabbit's poop looks lighter in color than normal, it could signify intestinal issues. Parasites, infections, liver problems, and other conditions may be present. Lighter poop can also be caused by a diet lacking in nutrients and proper hydration. Schedule a vet visit if the light poop does not resolve promptly.

True Diarrhea In Rabbits

True diarrhea in rabbits is loose, watery stool usually containing excess mucus or undigested food particles. It is often caused by bacterial imbalances, parasites like coccidia or cryptosporidium, intestinal disease, or other underlying issues. Diarrhea can lead to dehydration and must be addressed quickly. The cause of the diarrhea should always be properly diagnosed and treated.

Rabbit Poop Strung Together

Long strands or strings of poop are considered abnormal. This can be caused by diarrhea, but is most often the result of reduced gut motility. When the intestinal tract moves more slowly, the poop may stick together and form strings rather than individual pellets. Constipation, blockages, infections, heat stress, and other issues can slow down motility. Veterinary care is recommended.

Mucus in Rabbit Poop

Small amounts of mucus coating rabbit poop is usually normal. But excessive mucus or poop strands coated in mucus indicates a problem. Parasites, bacterial overgrowth, and intestinal inflammation or disease commonly cause increased mucus production. Diet changes may also result in mucus-covered poop temporarily. Ongoing mucus warrants medical treatment.

Dry Crumbly Rabbit Poop

Dry, crumbly poop that turns to powder or dust signifies dehydration. When rabbits do not get enough fluids, their poop will be small and very dry. Lack of hydration can occur due to insufficient water intake, illness causing fluid loss, or certain medications. Providing extra water and having a vet check the rabbit is important if dehydration occurs.

Cecotropes In Rabbits

Cecotropes are a special type of rabbit poop that is soft, shiny, and bundled together. Rabbits eat these directly from their anus for added nutrition. Cecotropes allow rabbits to fully digest and absorb nutrients from their initial food intake. They should be somewhat buried and are not typically seen often. Finding many uneaten cecotropes can signify an issue.

Cecal Dysbiosis

Cecal dysbiosis is overgrowth of bacteria in the cecum part of the rabbit's digestive tract. It can lead to soft, foul-smelling cecotropes filled with gas and mucus. The rabbit often sticks to the rear end area due to scalding. Treatment includes antibiotics, probiotics, and diet changes. Dental disease, stress, or diet changes may trigger cecal dysbiosis.

GI Stasis And Cecal Impaction In Rabbits

GI stasis is a dangerous condition where the intestinal tract slows or stops moving entirely. It causes a buildup of gas, fluid, and cecotropes. The rabbit stops eating and pooping. Cecal impaction is severe cecal dysbiosis combined with GI stasis. Impaction feels like a mass in the abdomen. Both conditions are medical emergencies requiring prompt veterinary treatment.

Signs of Impaction

Signs of a cecal impaction or blockage include lack of poop, small or no fecal pellets, straining to poop, loss of appetite, lethargy, and a swollen, hard belly. There may be some diarrhea, mucus, or cecotropes stuck to the fur. Impaction is extremely dangerous and will be fatal if not treated urgently. Rabbits showing these signs need immediate veterinary care.

Rabbit Producing Too Many Cecotropes

Normally cecotropes are eaten directly by the rabbit and rarely seen. A rabbit pooping out many uneaten cecotropes indicates an issue. This is usually caused by spinal injury or neurological conditions that prevent the rabbit from reaching the anus area. Arthritis, obesity, and abscesses may also make it difficult for the rabbit to properly eat the cecotropes.

Rabbit Not Eating Cecotropes

It is abnormal when rabbits leave uneaten cecotropes scattered around their living space. This could be due to stress, pain, mobility issues, or gastrointestinal conditions that lower appetite. Dental disease can make it painful to chew cecotropes. Other causes include bacterial imbalance, parasites, and certain antibiotics or medications.



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